The speed of the geometric center of the club, measured at impact. Club speed has a direct influence on the ball speed.
Club Speed Profile
Speed of the club head’s geometric center away from the radar, measured pre and post impact with the ball. From the speed profile, a player can determine swing speed consistency and efficient energy transfer.
Club Acceleration Profile
Acceleration of the club head’s geometric center away from the radar, measured pre- and post-impact with the ball. The acceleration profile will indicate the rate of closure due to shaft bend and club release by the golfer.
Face to Path
Direction of the club face relative to the club path, measured at impact. The angular difference between the face angle and the club path will tilt the spin axis.
*Off center hits will impact gear effect.
Face to Target
Direction of the club face relative to the radar’s target line, measured at impact. Face angle will influence the direction in which the ball starts relative to the radar’s target line.
Loft of the club at impact. Dynamic loft can be influenced by shaft bend, forward press, and many other variables.
Angle of Attack
The angle at which the geometric center of the club approaches the ball, measured just before impact. Can also be referred to as arch location strike or angle of approach.
The direction of the geometric center of the club relative to the radar’s target line, measured at impact. Club path is influenced by angle of attack, horizontal swing plane, and vertical swing plane.
The contribution to ball spin as a result of the effective loft on the club face presented to the ball during impact, which is approximately defined by the difference between the 3D angle of attack and 3D dynamic loft of the club at impact.
Horizontal Swing Plane
The angle of the club’s geometric center relative to the ground, measured at the lowest point of the swing.
Vertical Swing Plane
Vertical angle described by the trajectory of the clubhead relative to the ground.
The horizontal distance from the location of ball strike, to the point where the club trajectory bottoms out (lowest point in the arc).
Launch speed of the golf ball. Ball speed has the biggest effect on carry distance. Centeredness of impact and an increase in club speed will ensure a higher ball speed.
Angle at which the golf ball is launched relative to the horizon of the radar. Launch angle will influence the shot height and is mostly determined by the dynamic loft and angle of attack.
Direction in which the golf ball gets launched relative to the radar’s target line. Club face angle will have the biggest affect on the horizontal launch angle of the ball.
Angle at which the ball approaches the landing area. A lower descent angle will increase distance with a driver, and a steeper descent angle will give a player more stopping power on the green with an iron.
Ball Speed ÷ Club Speed
The energy transfer ratio from club to ball as a result of impact position on the club face. Centered impact will improve smash factor for optimal ball speeds.
Number of rotations per minute of the ball at launch. A higher spin loft and higher friction will increase the spin rate of the ball.
The axis tilt on the ball to determine the direction of curvature in the ball flight. A function of the delta between club face angle and club path.
The amount of curvature in the ball flight is governed by (ball speed)² as a result of aerodynamic forces on the ball.
Landing distance of the ball from the tee. Ball speed, spin rate, spin axis, and vertical launch angle are all factors that will determine the carry distance.
Amount of roll from carry distance to final position of the ball. Lower spin rate and lower effective angle of descent will increase the amount of roll on the surface.
Final position of the ball on the ground from the tee.
Distance of the ball’s impact point measured perpendicular to the target line.
Maximum height of the ball trajectory.
Amount of time the ball spends in the air from time of club impact to initial ground impact, measured in seconds.
Grouping of the landing positions of shots with the selected club showing forward and lateral deviation of that cluster of shots.
Speed of the golf ball coming off the putter face.
Distance the golf ball travels from impact to its final resting position.
Initial direction of the golf ball in degrees (left or right), relative to the target line.